U.S. Military Firearms 1866-1899
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Long Arms

U.S. Model 1867 Remington Cadet Rifle

The M1867 Remington Cadet Rifle was made at the Springfield Arsenal for use at the U.S. Naval Academy (USNA). Only 498 were built, and few have survived. These rifles are chambered for the .50-45 "cadet" cartridge. The left side of the receiver has a small anchor, denoting Navy ownership, while the right side is marked with the government inspector's mark "P/FCW." While we'll probably never know who carried this rifle, we do know that USNA class size dropped significantly in the 1870s when this rifle would have been issued. In 1872, for example, there were only 25 cadets (as they were called at the time) in the graduating class. (Flayderman reference number 5E-084.) Snapshot

U.S. Model 1873 Springfield Trapdoor Rifle
The Springfield Arsenal made this rifle (SN: 13,778 ) in early 1874, the first year that trapdoor rifles in .45-70 were produced. The records of the Springfield Research Service show that rifles in this serial number range were issued to the 5th Infantry Regiment. In 1876, the 5th Infantry, commanded by Colonel Nelson A. Miles, was sent to reinforce Alfred H. Terry's column as they moved against the Sioux who had massacred Custer's 7th Cavalry one month earlier. Because of its date of manufacture and probable unit affiliation, it is very likely that this rifle saw action during this campaign. I own an original socket bayonet for this rifle. (Flayderman reference number 9A-363.) Snapshot
U.S. Model 1884 Springfield Trapdoor Rifle
This rifle is similar to the M1873 Springfield Trapdoor Rifle, but it has a slightly wider receiver and a Buffington long-range rear sight. According to the Springfield Research Service, it was probably issued to Company M, 10th U.S. Volunteer Infantry Regiment (colored troops). During the Spanish American War, the War Department established several new black regiments because some incorrectly believed that black soldiers were immune to tropical diseases. The 10th U.S. Volunteer Infantry Regiment was one of these units. It was activated in July 1898, and deactivated the following year. The regiment did not see action during the war. This rifle is in excellent condition with a near-flawless bore. I have an original bayonet for this rifle. I also have an original manual for this rifle issued by the US Ordnance Department in 1887. (Flayderman reference number 9A-381.) Snapshot
 
U.S. Model 1884 Springfield Cadet Rifle
This rare Trapdoor Cadet Rifle was made in 1888. It's the same type of rifle that was issued to West Point cadets and their counterparts at other military schools during the late 1800s. It has a 29 1/2" barrel, 3 1/8"shorter than the full-length rifle. It has a Buffington rear sight marked with the letter "R". The breechblock has "U.S./MODEL/1884" and the lock plate is marked with the eagle/shield motif along with "U.S./SPRINGFIELD" ahead of the hammer. The top of the receiver is marked "MASS" and the letter "A" is stamped on the top of the barrel at the breech. This is the last trapdoor-style rifle made by the Springfield Arsenal. Snapshot
 
U.S. Model 1896 Krag Rifle
The M1896 U.S. Krag Rifle was produced between 1897 and 1899. The Krag was the first U.S. military rifle to handle ammunition with smokeless powder. My Krag rifle was made by the Springfield Armory in 1897. It has a unique five-shot, side-mounted magazine. According to the Springfield Research Service, a number of Krag rifles in the same serial number range were issued to Company F, 4th Illinois Volunteer Infantry in 1898. U.S. military records show that this unit was part of the American force sent to Cuba during the Spanish-American War. I have an original bayonet for this rifle. I also have an original manual for this rifle issued by the US Ordnance Department in 1898. (Flayderman reference number 9A-409.) Snapshot

Carbines

U.S. Model 1860 Spencer Carbine
The Spencer carbine was one of the most popular firearms of the Civil War, though it was not issued until the end of 1863. The tubular magazine in the buttstock holds seven .56-56 rim fire cartridges. I contacted Roy M. Marcott, author of the book Spencer Repeating Firearms, and the Spencer firearms expert for Man at Arms Magazine. Mr. Marcott said there is no doubt that this carbine was used during the Civil War. He added that these prized repeating firearms were often issued to units and individuals who had distinguished themselves in combat. According to Mr. Marcott, they were simply too valuable not to put them into the hands of the best people. An examination of the Springfield Research Service database shows that the serial number of this carbine falls within the range of weapons issued to Company C, 7th Indiana Volunteer Cavalry. The 7th Indiana saw action during the Shenandoah Valley Campaign, Cedar Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg. In 1864, they suffered heavy casualties at the Wilderness and participated in the Petersburg Campaign. (Flayderman reference number 9B-086.) Snapshot
 
U.S. Model 1863 Sharps Carbine
Union & confederate cavalry used the Sharps carbine extensively during the Civil War. According to the Springfield Research Service, this carbine bears a serial number that is likely associated with the 1st California Volunteer Cavalry. From 1863 to 1865, this unit escorted immigrant and government wagon trains in the Arizona Territory, Texas, New Mexico, and California. During November 1864, three companies from this regiment were attached to the 1st New Mexico Volunteer Cavalry under the command of Colonel Christopher (Kit) Carson. These elements fought the Apaches at the Battle of Adobe Walls. At the end of the war, the U.S. Army returned thousands of Sharps carbines to government arsenals. In 1867, the government hired the Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Company to refurbish 31,098 Sharps rifles and carbines, and convert them from percussion to the new metallic cartridge. This carbine is one of the original Civil War carbines that was subsequently converted to the powerful .50-70 rim fire metallic cartridge. After this, it was probably reissued to a cavalry unit during the Indian Wars. (Flayderman reference number 5F-029.) Snapshot
 
U.S. Model 1899 Krag Carbine
The Springfield Arsenal made the M1899 Krag Carbine from 1899 until 1902. This Krag carbine was made in 1900. Although I have not been able to identify the unit that it was issued, I know that the Model 1899 Krag carbine was carried by U.S. Marines and Army personnel during the Philippine Insurrection (1899-1902) and the Boxer Rebellion in China (1900). The Springfield Armory only made 36,051 of these carbines. (Flayderman reference number 9A-419.) Snapshot

Sidearms

Colt "Artillery" Revolver Cal. .45
In 1893, the government collected most of the Colt Single Action Army (SAA) revolvers used by the US Army during the Indian Wars. By this time, these guns were considered obsolete and the intent was to put them into long-term storage. In 1898, we went to war with Spain. There wasn’t enough sidearms for the Army, so a decision was made to pull these old guns out of storage, shorten their barrels from 7 1/2 inches to 5 1/2 inches, and then reissue them to the military. Springfield Arsenal dismantled the old guns, cleaned and inspected them, and then put them back together without regard to keeping serial numbered parts together. Several thousands of these revolvers with mixed-serial numbers were issued to Teddy Roosevelt’s "Rough Riders" and other units during the Spanish-American War and Philippine Insurrection. John Kopec examined my gun and found that the trigger guard, butt strap, and barrel may have come from Colt revolvers originally issued to the 7th Cavalry. (Flayderman reference number 5B-141.) Snapshot

Reproductions & Commemoratives

U.S. Model 1873 Carbine, Cal .45-70
Harrington-Richardson made this copy of the U.S. Model 1873 carbine in 1976 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Battle of the Little Big Horn. This is a faithful copy of the carbine that was carried by Custer's 7th Cavalry when the regiment was wiped out by Indians in 1876. It features a trapdoor loading assembly, an adjustable tang rear site, and a saddle ring. Snapshot
 
Colt Model 1873 Single Action Army Commemorative
Colt made this .45 caliber revolver in 1961 to commemorate the company's 125th Anniversary. It is a 2nd generation Colt with a 7 1/2 inch barrel. The finish is deep blue with gold plating on the grip straps, hammer, trigger, cylinder pin and ejector rod head. It has been in my family for over 50 years and remains in nearly new condition. Snapshot


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