Historical Firearms
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India Pattern (Type 1) Brown Bess Musket (Circa 1800)

The India Pattern Brown Bess Musket was Great Britain's primary military long-arm during the Napoleonic Wars and the War of 1812. Wellington's men used them when they defeated Napoleon at Waterloo; and British "Redcoats" carried them when they sacked and burned the White House and U.S. Capitol in 1814. Twenty-two years later, both sides were armed with them during the Battle of the Alamo. The one in my collection has a Tower lock and was made for the British Board of Ordnance between 1794 and 1809. Engraving on the barrel shows it was used by a militia regiment, possibly in Ireland. Although 215 year-old, it is in exceptional condition. Here is some info about the markings on this historic firearm. I own an original socket bayonet for this musket. Snapshot

Flintlock Trade Gun (Circa 1820)

This flintlock musket appears to be an early 19th Century British or American trade gun. The government, private companies, and others frequently traded firearms to Native Americans for their land, furs, and other items. This musket has a British Tower lock, Damascus-twist barrel of about 20 gauge, a simple brass trigger guard, a very thin brass butt plate, two-sling swivels, and a steel ramrod. Although it has similar lines to the Indian Pattern Brown Bess shown above it, this musket is significantly lighter and far less robust. Because it has a Damascus-twist barrel, I believe it was used as a fowling piece. (Flayderman reference number 17-001.) Snapshot

Half-Stock Percussion Fowling Piece (Circa 1820)
This American fowling piece was made about 1820, and converted from flintlock to percussion in about 1840. The lock is marked "A. W. Spies. Warranted." Spies was a well known arms dealer in NY City during the first half of the 19th century. The barrel is stamped "London" and bears British proof marks. The section of the barrel near the breach is hexagonal; the rest of the barrel is round. The stock and ramrod are both made of cherrywood. (Flayderman reference number 17-004.) Snapshot
Pennsylvania "Kentucky" Rifle (Circa 1840)
Samuel J. Loudenslager made this Kentucky Rifle about 1840. Loudenslager was one of the most important members of perhaps the most prolific family of gunsmiths in Union County, Pennsylvania. His mark, "S*L", is engraved on the top flat of the .45 caliber octagonal barrel. The full-length maple stock features six silver inlays, a four-piece brass patchbox with engraved lid, and a carved cheekpiece. Loudenslager, like most gunsmiths of this era, used rifle locks built by a third-party. For this rifle, he incorporated a percussion lock marked "Atkinson Warranted" with double-set triggers. (Flayderman reference number 11-018.) Snapshot
Heavy Barrel American Plains Rifle (Circa 1840s)
This rifle has a percussion lock with double-set triggers made by G. Goulcher. The underside of the .40 caliber octagonal barrel is stamped "Remington." This famous gun-making family sold rifle barrels to various gunsmiths prior to producing firearms bearing their name. This well-made rifle has a beautiful tiger maple stock, handmade brass furniture, a German silver nose cap, and diamond and moon-shaped inlays. (Flayderman reference number 12-001.) Snapshot
U.S. Rifle Model 1841 "Mississippi Rifle" (Mexican War & Civil War)
Eli Whitney of New Haven, Conn, made this rifle in 1851. It is one of the 8,879 Mississippi Rifles that was altered at Harpers Ferry or Springfield Armory between 1855 and 1860. The alteration consisted of reboring the barrel from .54 to .58 caliber, and replacing the ramrod with an all steel version without a brass tip. The "Mississippi Rifle" owes its name to the successful use of the weapon by a Mississippi regiment, under the command of COL Jefferson Davis, during the Mexican War. In its time, military authorities regarded it as the best of its type. It was the first regulation rifle with the new percussion system made at a national armory. The U.S. Army used the Mississippi Rifle during the Mexican War. It was also carried by both Union and Confederate troops during the Civil War. (Flayderman reference number 5J-034.) Snapshot
U.S. Model 1861 Springfield Rifle-Musket (Civil War)
The M1861 Rifle-Musket was the most widely used long-arm during the American Civil War. Although tens of thousands were made, finding one today in excellent condition is quite difficult. The Springfield Arsenal made this particular firearm in 1861, the first year of the war. Flayderman's Guide to Antique American Firearms states that Springfield muskets with 1861 locks bring a 25 percent premium. When I got it, it still had this .58 caliber mini-ball lodged in the barrel! The stock is stamped "JL Hutt." According to military records at Ancestory.com, this rifle-musket may have belonged to Jacob L. Hutt who served in the 4th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry. I own an original Civil War bayonet for this musket. (Flayderman reference number 9A-313.) Snapshot
U.S. Model 1861 Colt Special Rifle-Musket (Civil War)
At the beginning of the Civil War, the U.S. Government signed contracts with several companies to produce M1861 Rifled Muskets patterned after the Springfield design (shown previously). Sam Colt agreed to provide the muskets, in addition to pistols he was already making for the Union Army. Upon delivery, government inspectors found that Colt had redesigned the firearm and now many parts were not interchangeable with Springfield-made muskets. The Colt Special Musket includes a number of improvements over the Springfield model. They include a better hammer contour, redesigned nipple bolster, and improved rifling. Colt made about 96,700 of these muskets for the Union Army during the war. The lock plate on my musket is marked U.S./Colt's PT F.A. MFG CO./Hartford CT. The lock and barrel are both stamped 1863. This historical firearm is in excellent condition. (Flayderman reference number 5B-255.) Snapshot
U.S. Model 1864 Springfield Rifle-Musket (Civil War)
In 2011, a man and his daughter found this musket hidden in the rafters of an old barn in Caroline County on the Maryland eastern shore. In the same barn they also discoverd a Civil War noncommissioned officer's sword wrapped in an old blanket. (Both items are now in my collection.) During the war, local men loyal to the Union joined Company E (Preston Section) of the 1st Regiment Eastern Shore Infantry. Because this type of sword was only carried by sergeants, it is likely that these items belonged to one of the six sergeants assigned to this unit. When found, the bore was blocked and there was damage near the muzzle. It appears that someone filed the area behind the front sight, possibly to remove a socket bayonet that had become stuck. To restore the gun to working condition, I replaced the damaged barrel with another original barrel. It is stamped 1863 and bears U.S. Government proof and acceptance marks (P, V, and an Eagle Head). I own an original Civil War bayonet for this musket. (Flayderman reference number 9A-341.) Snapshot
Enfield Pattern 1853 Rifle-Musket (Civil War)
The British pattern 1853 (P53) rifle-musket was the second most widely used infantry weapon during the Civil War. Most were carried by Confederate soldiers. It was the South's answer to the Union's highly effective .58 caliber Springfield. It is well made and accurate. The P53 in my collection was made in 1863 by Tower, a private arms facility in Birmingham, England. P53s made in 1863 are less common than those made in 1862 and 1861, respectively. By 1863, the North had increased their manufacturing capabilities and no longer needed so many imported arms, and the Union naval blockade of the South became more effective and therefore lowered the number of Enfields that the South was able to import. Snapshot
U.S. Model 1860 Spencer Carbine (Civil War & Indian Wars)
The Spencer carbine was one of the most popular firearms of the Civil War, though it was not issued until the end of 1863. The tubular magazine in the buttstock holds seven .56-56 rim fire cartridges. I contacted Roy M. Marcott, author of the book Spencer Repeating Firearms, and the Spencer firearms expert for Man at Arms Magazine. Mr. Marcott said there is no doubt that this carbine was used during the Civil War. He added that these prized repeating firearms were often issued to units and individuals who had distinguished themselves in combat. According to Mr. Marcott, they were simply too valuable not to put them into the hands of the best people. An examination of the Springfield Research Service database shows that the serial number of this carbine falls within the range of weapons issued to Company C, 7th Indiana Volunteer Cavalry. The 7th Indiana saw action during the Shenandoah Valley Campaign, Cedar Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg. In 1864, they suffered heavy casualties at the Wilderness and participated in the Petersburg Campaign. (Flayderman reference number 9B-086.) Snapshot
U.S. Model 1863 Sharps Carbine (Civil War & Indian Wars)
Union & confederate cavalry used the Sharps carbine extensively during the Civil War. According to the Springfield Research Service, this carbine bears a serial number that is likely associated with the 1st California Volunteer Cavalry. From 1863 to 1865, this unit escorted immigrant and government wagon trains in the Arizona Territory, Texas, New Mexico, and California. During November 1864, three companies from this regiment were attached to the 1st New Mexico Volunteer Cavalry under the command of Colonel Christopher (Kit) Carson. These elements fought the Apaches at the Battle of Adobe Walls. At the end of the war, the U.S. Army returned thousands of Sharps carbines to government arsenals. In 1867, the government hired the Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Company to refurbish 31,098 Sharps rifles and carbines, and convert them from percussion to the new metallic cartridge. This carbine is one of the original Civil War carbines that was subsequently converted to the powerful .50-70 rim fire metallic cartridge. After this, it was probably reissued to a cavalry unit during the Indian Wars. (Flayderman reference number 5F-029.) Snapshot
U.S. Model 1863 Burnside Carbine (Civil War)

This is the third most commonly used carbine by Union cavalry during the Civil War. It is a single-shot breach loader that fires an unusual cone-shaped .54 caliber cartridge. The round is placed in a rotating mechanism that moves it into the breach when the lever is closed. Based upon information from the Springfield Research Service, my carbine was likely issued to the 3rd Ohio Volunteer Cavalry in April 1864. The name "Evans" is hand engraved on the receiver below the serial number. I believe this refers to Pvt John D. Evans, Co. L, 3rd Ohio Volunteer Cavalry. He was a wagon maker who joined the Union Army in August 1862 and remained in this regiment until the end of the war. In 1864, his unit participated in Sherman's Atlanta campaign, the Union assault on Kennesaw Mountain in Georgia, the Battles of Franklin and Nashville in Tennessee, the Siege of Atlanta, and operations against Confederate forces led by Nathan Bedford Forrest and John B. Hood. When President Teddy Roosevelt ordered U.S. arsenals to dispose of obsolete Civil War weapons in 1901, the Burnside carbine sold for 3 to 8 cents each. Today, a Burnside carbine in good condition brings $2,000 and up. (Flayderman reference number 9B-046.) Snapshot

U.S. Model 1867 Remington Cadet Rifle (Post Civil War Period)

The M1867 Remington Cadet Rifle was made at the Springfield Armory for use at the U.S. Naval Academy (USNA). Only 498 were built, and few have survived. These rifles are chambered for the .50-45 "cadet" cartridge. The left side of the receiver has a small anchor, denoting Navy ownership, while the right side is marked with the government inspector's mark "P/FCW." While we'll probably never know who carried this rifle, we do know that USNA class size dropped significantly in the 1870s when this rifle would have been issued. In 1872, for example, there were only 25 cadets (as they were called at the time) in the graduating class. A few cadets from this time period who may have carried this rifle are William S. Benson (Class of 1877), who became the first Chief of Naval Operations; Albert W. Grant (Class of 1877), who served as the Commander of the U.S. Atlantic Fleet during WWI; Frank E. Beaty (Class of 1875), who became a distinquished U.S. Navy crusier and battleship commander at the turn of the 20th Century; and Albert A. Michelson (Class of 1873), who was the first American to receive a Nobel Prize in the sciences. (Flayderman reference number 5E-084.) Snapshot

U.S. Model 1873 Springfield Trapdoor Rifle (Indian Wars)
The Springfield Arsenal made this rifle (SN: 13,778 ) in early 1874, the very first year that trapdoor rifles in .45-70 were produced. The records of the Springfield Research Service show that rifles in this serial number range were issued to the 5th Infantry Regiment. In 1876, the 5th Infantry, commanded by Colonel Nelson A. Miles, was sent to reinforce Alfred H. Terry's column as they moved against the Sioux who had massacred Custer's 7th Cavalry one month earlier. Because of its date of manufacture and probable unit affiliation, it is very likely that this rifle saw action during this campaign. I own an original socket bayonet for this rifle. (Flayderman reference number 9A-363.) Snapshot
Model 1873 Winchester Rifle (American West)
Known as "The Gun that Won the West," the M1873 Winchester was one of the most popular and widely used firearms in the late 19th Century. My rifle has an octagonal barrel and beautiful plum color patina finish. It was made in 1888, four years before the Dalton gang was nearly destroyed in the streets of Coffeyville, Kansas. To put things in perspective, these people were around when this rifle was first used: Wyatt Earp, Bat Masterson, Frank James, Cole Younger, John Wesley Hardin, Sitting Bull, and Geronimo. In 2011, historical artist Bradley Schmehl borrowed my rifle and put it in the hands of a Native American in one of his original oil paintings. (Flayderman reference number 5K-044.) Cody Firearms Museum Letter.
U.S. Model 1884 Springfield Trapdoor Rifle (Spanish American War)
This rifle is similar to the M1873 Springfield Trapdoor Rifle, but it has a slightly wider receiver and a Buffington long-range rear sight. According to the Springfield Research Service, it was probably issued to Company M, 10th U.S. Volunteer Infantry Regiment (colored troops). During the Spanish American War, the War Department established several new black regiments because some incorrectly believed that black soldiers were immune to tropical diseases. The 10th U.S. Volunteer Infantry Regiment was one of these units. It was activated in July 1898, and deactivated the following year. The regiment did not see action during the war. This rifle is in excellent condition with a near-flawless bore. I own an original bayonet for this rifle. (Flayderman reference number 9A-381.) Snapshot
U.S. Model 1884 Springfield Cadet Rifle
This rare Trapdoor Cadet Rifle was made in 1888. It's the same type of rifle that was issued to West Point cadets and their counterparts at other military schools during the late 1800s. It has a 29 1/2" barrel, 3 1/8"shorter than the full-length rifle. It has a Buffington rear sight marked with the letter "R". The breechblock has "U.S./MODEL/1884" and the lock plate is marked with the eagle/shield motif along with "U.S./SPRINGFIELD" ahead of the hammer. The top of the receiver is marked "MASS" and the letter "A" is stamped on the top of the barrel at the breech. This is the last trapdoor-style rifle made by the Springfield Arsenal. Snapshot
Winchester Model 1895 Sporting Rifle (Spanish American War & Early 1900s)
The M1895 was the last lever-action rifle designed by John M. Browning. It was built to handle the new generation of rifle cartridges that used smokeless powder and pointed bullets. Not convinced that smokeless powder would catch on, Winchester hedged their bets by chambering a small number of these rifles in two blackpowder calibers. My rifle is one of these rifles. It is chambered for .40-72 WCF. The M1895 was popular with Texas Rangers and others needing a strong and reliable firearm. Theodore Roosevelt owned several M1895s. He took one to Cuba during the Spanish American War (1898), and used two others during an extended African safari after leaving office. My rifle left the Winchester factory in New Haven, CT, in May 1907. (Flayderman reference number 5K-095.) Cody Firearms Museum Letter.
U.S. Model 1896 Krag Rifle (Spanish-American War)
The M1896 U.S. Krag Rifle was produced between 1897 and 1899. The Krag was the first U.S. military rifle to handle ammunition with smokeless powder. This Krag rifle was made by the Springfield Armory in 1897. It has has a unique five-shot, side-mounted magazine. According to the Springfield Research Service, a number of Krag rifles in the same serial number range were issued to Company F, 4th Illinois Volunteer Infantry in 1898. U.S. military records show that this unit was part of the American force sent to Cuba during the Spanish-American War. I own an original Krag bayonet for this rifle. (Flayderman reference number 9A-409.) Snapshot
U.S. Model 1899 Krag Carbine (Philippine Insurrection & Boxer Rebellion)
The Springfield Arsenal made the M1899 Krag Carbine from 1899 until 1902. This Krag carbine was made in 1900. Although I have not been able to identify the unit that it was issued, I know that the Model 1899 Krag carbine was carried by U.S. Marines and Army personnel during the Philippine Insurrection (1899-1902) and the Boxer Rebellion in China (1900). The Springfield Armory only made 36,051 of these carbines. (Flayderman reference number 9A-419.) Snapshot
U.S. Model 1903 Springfield Rifle (World War I)
The M1903 Springfield Rifle replaced the U.S. Krag. It was the primary U.S. service rifle from 1903 until 1936. It was carried by U.S. troops during WWI and gained a solid reputation for accuracy and reliability. This Model 1903 is in unissued condition. The end of the barrel bears the ordnance bomb and "SA 1/18" (Springfield Armory, Jan 1918). The two-piece American walnut stock is also in exceptional condition. I own an original Springfield bayonet for this rifle. (Flayderman reference number 9A-431.) Snapshot
U.S. Model 1917 Enfield Rifle (Winchester) (World War I)
Upon entering WWI, the U.S. quickly discovered that it had an inadequate supply of M1903 Springfield rifles. At the time, the U.S. arsenal at Eddystone, PA, was making Enfield rifles in .303 caliber for the British. The U.S. took advantage of this situation by producing a nearly identical rifle in .30-06 caliber. Most American doughboys sent to Europe during WWI carried this type of rifle. In fact, Sergeant Alvin York was armed with an identical rifle when he earned the Medal of Honor. Eddystone, Remington, and Winchester made these rifles between 1917 and 1918. Winchester M1917s are considered the most desirable and command a 20% premium. My Winchester M1917 is in the original WWI configuration with a beautiful blued finish. I own an original WWI bayonet for this rifle. (Flayderman reference number 9A-455.) Snapshot
U.S. Model M1 Rifle (Springfield) (World War II & Korea)
The M1 Rifle was the primary weapon carried by U.S. Soldiers and Marines during WWII. The one in my collection is a superb example of this extraordinary firearm. It was made at the Springfield Armory in November 1941, one month before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. The barrel and other components bear WWII dates or part numbers. It has a beautiful walnut stock with a tiger stripe grain pattern. There are no import marks. According to the Blue Book of Gun Values by F.P. Jestad, M1s made before WWII are worth 100% more than WWII specimens. I own an original WWII bayonet for this rifle. Snapshot
U.S. Model 1903A3 Springfield Rifle (Remington) (World War II)
In the months after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (Dec 41), the U.S. scrambled to arm a military force that was rapidly expanding. The M1 Rifle (above) was in production, but could not be produced in the numbers required. To fill this void, the U.S. produced the Model 1903A3. It is similar to the WWI era M1903, but has stamped, rather than milled components; a slightly different stock design; and a rear peep sight. During the first two years of WWII, it was extensively used by the Army in Europe and Marine Corps in the Pacific. (My father was assigned a Springfield Model 1903A3 rifle when he enlisted in the Army during June 1942.) The 1903A3 in my collection was manufactured by Remington the same year. It is in unissued condition and looks like it just came off the assembly line. I own an original WWII bayonet for this rifle. Snapshot
U.S. Model M1 Carbine (World War II & Korean War)
The U.S. Government signed contracts with ten different companies to produce M1 carbines between June 1942 and August 1945. This firearm was developed for officers and support personnel who did not require the firepower of the M1 Rifle. Their use expanded greatly; however, due to their light weight, handy size, and large capacity magazines. The M1 carbine in my collection was manufactured by National Postal Meter (NPM) corporation in 1943. This company produced less than 15% of the M1 carbines made during WWII. NPM did not make barrels for their carbines. Instead they used barrels made by other companies under government contract. My carbine has a barrel made by Inland in Aug 1942. It also has a flat bolt, which was the standard type used prior to 1944. My carbine is in excellent condition with no import marks. I have the bayonet for this firearm. Snapshot
U.S. Model M1A1 "Paratrooper" Carbine (World War II)
The U.S. adopted the M1A1 "Paratrooper" Carbine during May 1942. The folding stock makes it an ideal weapon for paratroopers, for whom load distribution was a constant concern during combat drops. All M1A1s were made by Inland, a manufacturing division of General Motors. Only 4% of M1 carbines had folding stocks. The M1A1 in my collection is in the early WWII configuration. It has a "high-wood" folding stock with undamaged leather cheek piece, flip-style rear sight, flat bolt, Inland barrel stamped "3-43" (March 1943) with no import marks, and Type 1 front barrel band without bayonet lug. Today, original M1A1s with these features are very scarce and quite valuable. Snapshot
U.S. Model M14 (M1A) Springfield Rifle (Korean War thru Afghanistan)
The M14 is an improved M1 Garand. It was produced from 1957 until 1964, when the M16 was adopted. First issued as a primary military arm, it was subsequently issued primarily to snipers and designated marksman. It is very accurate and fires the powerful 7.62x51mm NATO round. My rifle is the semi-automatic version of the M14 manufactured by Springfield Armory, Inc. It has a national match barrel, sights, and trigger assembly; an American walnut stock, and a 6x40 military scope. My rifle accepts 5, 10, and 20 round box magazines. I own an original Vietnam era bayonet for this rifle. Snapshot
U.S. M4 Carbine (Iraq & Afghanistan)
In 1966, the U.S. Army identified a requirement for a shortened version of the M16 rifle, primarily for use by Special Forces personnel who needed a smaller weapon. The M4 design was finalized in 1985. It can be distinguished from earlier versions of the M16 by the distinctive cutout in the barrel, about an inch in front of the front sight, for mounting an M203 grenade launcher. Today, U.S. Special Operations personnel carry the M4 carbine with a variety of high-tech sighting devices. The gun in my collection is a semi-automatic version of the M4 carbine. It is fitted with a military Aimpoint M68 red-dot scope and a Surefire M951XM07 flashlight system with remote pressure switch. Snapshot

Foreign Long-Arms WWI

German Model 98 Mauser Gewehr (1917) - Imperial Germany
This is the standard Infantry rifle used by the German army during WWI. This particular weapon was made by the Deutschewaffen-und-Munitionsfabriken in Berlin, Germany in 1917. It is in the original configuration and features a straight bolt handle, unit identification disk in the stock, and lange (rollercoaster) rear sight. This is the only military rifle in my collection with an oak stock. I own an original WWI German bayonet for this rifle. Snapshot
German K98az Mauser Karabiner (Erfurt) (1918) - Imperial Germany
The Mauser Karabiner 98az has a 24 inch barrel and turned down bolt handle. It was issued during WWI to German artillery, pioneer (engineer), and storm troops. Its relatively small size and light weight made it a favorite of German soldiers. A recognizable feature of this rifle is the unusual rod near the muzzle. Soldiers used this device to stack three or more rifles in an upright position while in the field. The Erfurt Arsenal in Germany made this rifle in 1918. All parts are original, and all serial numbers match. It is in excellent condition. I own an original WWI German bayonet for this rifle. Snapshot
British Short Magazine Lee-Enfield Mk III* (1918)
The SMLE MK III was the main battle rifle used by the British Army during WWI. In late 1915, the SMLE MK III* was introduced. This simplified model did not have the magazine cut-off or volley sight found on the earlier SMLE. The rifle's exceptionally smooth bolt action and 10-round magazine were well suited for rapid fire. In fact, a well-trained soldier was able to fire 20-30 rounds of aimed fire in only 60 seconds. The rifle was so good that the British continued to issue it during WWII. My SMLE MK III* was made in 1918. It is in excellent condition with nearly perfect wood and metal surfaces. Snapshot

Foreign Long-Arms WWII

German K98k Service Rifle (1944)
The Mauser Karabiner 98 (K98k) was the standard infantry rifle carried by German soldiers during WWII. This particular rifle was part of a cache of nearly-new K98s discovered in 2006 after being in military storage since 1945! It appears to be in unissued condition, with matching serial numbers, perfect bore, and unblemished stock. It has Nazi proof marks and the "DOU 44" factory code, showing it was made by Waffen Werke, Brunn, Bystrica in 1944. It is nearly impossible to find WWII battle rifles in this condition. I own an original WWII German bayonet for this rifle. Snapshot
Japanese Type 99 Arisaka Carbine (1943)
During WWII and subsequent American occupation of Japan, thousands of these rifles found their way to the U.S. as war souvenirs. A major discriminating factor involving the value and collectability of Japanese Arisaka rifles is whether they bear a chrysanthemum on the receiver (the symbol of the Japanese Emperor). For a time, captured Japanese weapons could be sent home without modification. This policy subsequently changed and personnel were required to file off the chrysanthemum before the weapon could leave Japan. Today, it is difficult to find an Arisaka rifle with the imperial chrysanthemum, dusk cover, cleaning rod, monopod, and no import marks. This Japanese carbine has all of these important features. The Kokura Arsenal in Tokyo made this rifle. It bears the serial number prefix (Kana Character code) for the 22nd series production. I own an original WWII Japanese bayonet for this rifle. Snapshot
British No. 4, Mark I Enfield (1942)
The British Government adopted the No. 4, Mark I in 1939 as the new military service rifle, though serious production didn't begin until 1941. The rifle features a heavy free floating barrel, receiver mounted rear aperture sights, a stronger receiver, a set length/numbered bolt head for easier headspace adjustment and a slightly shortened fore end. Savage, an American Company, made this No. 4 under the World War II "Lend-Lease Agreement." It is in excellent condition. I own an original WWII British spike bayonet for this rifle. Snapshot
British No. 5, Mark I, Enfield "Jungle" Carbine (June 1945)
The Royal Ordnance Factory (ROF) in Liverpool, England, made this carbine in June 1945, three months before WWII ended. Their aim was to produce a lighter and handier weapon for use by British airborne forces in Europe. The war in Europe ended before they could be fielded. Distribution was therefore shifted to the Pacific Theater. It got the nickname "Jungle Carbine" because many incorrectly thought it was designed for jungle warfare. It is similar to the No. 4, but has a shorter stock, conical flash hider, rubber butt pad, and different rear sight. To reduce weight, metal was cut from the receiver and barrel. Many "Jungle Carbines" on the market today are actually cut-down No. 4s. This carbine is a legitimate WWII Jungle Carbine in excellent condition. Snapshot
Finish M91/30 Mosin-Nagant, caliber 7.62x54 (1936)
This battle rifle is nearly identical to those used by the Soviet Union during WWI and II. It was assembled in Finland during WWII using parts from captured Soviet rifles. Its older style hex receiver was made in Russia in 1936 and bears the emblem of the Soviet factory in Tula (Star with Arrow). The receiver also has a boxed "SA" stamp that shows the rifle was the property of the Finnish Army. The rear sight is graduated from 1 to 20, representing hundreds of meters. The front sight is the Soviet post and globe style. The piece has a Finnish made two piece "pot belly" birch stock with Russian hardware. The rifle is 51 1/2" long. Snapshot
Italian Model 1891 Carcano Carbine (1942)
The Model 1891 Carcano carbine was adopted for cavalry use in 1893, and later supplied to Italian paratroopers. It differs from the standard Carcano Carbine (Model 91 TS) in several ways. The stock is shorter and leaves half of the barrel free, a triangular folding bayonet is permanently attached to the muzzle, and sling swivels are situated to the left-hand side of stock (indicating a cavalry weapon). Most Italian service rifles available today are in poor condition. This particular carbine; however, looks like it was never issued. The wood and metal are flawless, and there are no import marks, leading me to believe that it was probably sent to the states as a souvenir by an American soldier during WWII. An original bayonet is attached to the muzzle of the weapon. It swings out and locks in place when needed. Snapshot

Vietnam Era Foreign Weapons

Soviet SKS Assault Carbine (1959)
The SKS was designed during the final days of WWII. It was the first officially adopted arm chambered for the new "intermediate" 7.62 x 39 mm service cartridge. The SKS is an oddity in history in that many millions were made in the Soviet Union, China, and Yugoslavia long after the design had been made somewhat obsolete by the AK-47 assault rifle. Perhaps this was because it was easier to promote ammunition conservation and fire discipline by issuing semi-automatic weapons than to train men not to shoot their selective fire weapons on full automatic. In any event, the SKS became a popular weapon in many communist block countries and the third world. SKSs were used to great affect by the enemy during the Vietnam War. This SKS was made in 1959 in Romania. It has a milled receiver and screw-in barrel. It is in excellent condition. An original bayonet is attached to the muzzle of the weapon. It swings out and locks in place when needed. NOTE: This vintage SKS was updated a few years ago to make it more contemporary. Click here to see the updated version of the same rifle. Snapshot
Chinese AK-47 Assault Rifle
The AK-47 has the well-deserved reputation as one of the most reliable battle rifles ever produced. Today, there are over 30 million of these rifles in service around the world, making it the most widely distributed battle rifle. This firearm was designed by Russian inventor Mikhail Kalashnikov. There are many Kalashnikov models, clones, and copies. No matter what the variations on the basic models are, the firearm's function remains the same. The AK-47 evolved into what is called the AKM by virtue of improved production & design. The Chinese manufactured this MAK-90, which is a semi-automatic version of the AK-47/AKM. Snapshot

Double-Barrel Shotguns

Circa 1860 Double Barrel Percussion Shotgun (Civil War, American West)
I believe this double-barrel muzzle-loading shotgun was built in the U.S. about 1860. The rear-action percussion locks are marked "G. Goulcher," the same American lock maker who made the lock on the half stock Kentucky sporting rifle shown earlier. The underside of the barrels is marked Drisket & Waroux. This Belgian company made shotgun barrels from 1856 to 1872. This type of shotgun was more than a casual arm during the Civil War, especially with Confederate outfits. Some southern units were armed principally with double-barrel shotguns. Many emigrants on the western plains also carried shotguns for protection and hunting. Although 140 years old, this shotgun is in remarkably good condition and remains in working order. (Flayderman reference number 17-025.) Snapshot
Circa 1870 Double Barrel Percussion Shotgun (American West)
This 19th Century double-barrel muzzle-loading 12 gauge shotgun is in fine condition. The partially engraved locks are tight and the percussion hammers are aligned with their respective nipples. The rib between the barrels is hand engraved with the phrase “Laminated Steel Barrels.” The name of the maker is unknown. There are Belgian proof marks on the bottom of the barrels. The walnut stock is checkered at the grip and forearm. The gun has the original wooden ramrod with brass tip. (Flayderman reference number 17-025.) Snapshot
Model 1889 Remington Double-Barrel Shotgun, 10 Gauge (American West)
This massive double-barrel breach-loading shotgun was manufactured by Remington Arms Company in 1889. Remington shotguns like this were used by Wells Fargo, lawmen, western settlers, and others requiring a large bore shotgun. This firearm features exposed circular-action hammers, checkered walnut stock with pistol grip, and browned steel barrels. This is a high quality shotgun with tight action and superb fit between all metal and wood parts. The top of the barrels is marked "E. Remington & Sons, Illion, NY." All parts bear the same serial number. (Flayderman reference number 5E-138.) Snapshot
"Coach Gun" Double-Barrel Shotgun, 12 Gauge (American West)
"Coach Gun" was the name given to a compact double-barrel shotgun that allowed easy handling in the cramped driver's box of a stage coach or express wagon. Due to its compact size, it was a favorite of lawmen in the old west. It was recognized as the most formidable hand-held weapon of the era. This vintage coach gun features exposed circular-action hammers and 20" barrels. It was made in the late 1800s by the Henry Arms Company. Snapshot

Historical Sidearms

Colt Model 1849 Pocket Pistol (Civil War & American West)
The Model 1849 Colt Pocket Pistol was extensively used during the Civil War and the post-war period. Its small size made it a handy defensive weapon for soldiers, miners, and gamblers. The cylinder of the Model 1849 Colt Pocket Pistol is engraved with the scene of a famous stage coach robbery. This pistol's 4 inch barrel is imprinted with the Colt New York address. It has the early Type 1 brass trigger guard and back strap. The grips are vintage with over 90% of their original finish. The action is tight and in good working order. All serial numbers match. (Flayderman reference number 5B-042.) Snapshot
Colt Model 1851 Navy Revolver (Civil War & American West)

The 1851 Navy revolver was one of the most popular sidearms during the Civil War. The term "Navy" was used to indicate .36-caliber, rather than the .44-caliber required by the Army. Despite its name, it was carried by both Army and Navy personnel. Officers on both sides were required to purchase their own uniforms and weapons, and many of them chose the 1851 Navy. According to the Colt Factory Letter, my pistol was shipped from the Colt factory to J. P. Moores & Sons on October 16th, 1861. This firm was a well-known military outfitter in NY City. (Flayderman reference number 5B-053.) Snapshot

Colt Model 1860 Army Revolver (Civil War & American West)

During the Civil War, the .44 caliber Colt Model 1860 Army revolver was carried by officers and cavalry soldiers on both sides. According to the Colt Factory Letter, it was shipped on January 17th, 1863, to the U.S. Government Arsenal on Governor's Island, NY. From there, records of the Springfield Research Service indicate it was likely issued to Company G, 2nd Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry, 59th Regiment Volunteers. This unit saw action at Gettysburg, Cold Harbor, Chancellorsville, Petersburg, and was at Appomattox when Robert E. Lee surrendered to U.S. Grant. Each side of the vintage one-piece black walnut stock bears the inspection and approval cartouche of a government inspector. All serial numbers match, except for the barrel wedge which is not marked. This historic handgun is accompanied by an original Colt .44 caliber bullet mold and a vintage tin of Eley percussion caps. (Flayderman reference number 5B-092.) Snapshot

Remington New Model Army Revolver (Civil War & American West)
The .44 caliber Remington New Model Army revolver was the second most widely issued Union handgun during the Civil War. It was the chief competitor to the Colt Model 1860 Army. Many preferred it over the Colt because of its sturdy frame, better sight, and easier means of changing cylinders. My Remington Revolver was made in 1863. The Springfield Research Service lists a pistol in the same serial number range (less than 100 off) that was issued to the 118th Illinois Volunteer Mounted Infantry. This unit participated in the Battle of Chickasaw Bluffs and the siege of Vicksburg. The barrel is marked "Patented Sept. 14, 1858/E. Remington & Sons, Ilion, New York, U.S.A./New Model." (Flayderman reference number 5E-015.) Snapshot
Colt Model 1873 Single Action Army, 1st Generation (American West)
The Colt Single Action Army (SAA) was the most popular sidearm carried by cowboys, cavalry men, outlaws, lawmen, gun slingers, and gamblers. It was the weapon of choice for most western gunmen like Wyatt Earp, Bat Masterson, Frank James, Cole Younger, Bill Tilghman, and Bass Reeves. In fact, all of these men were still alive when this 1st Generation Colt was made in 1909. My Colt SAA has a 5 1/2" barrel and is chambered in .45 Colt. All serial numbers match. It was made to handle smokeless powder ammo, but still retains the older-type rifling found in the earlier blackpowder version. (Flayderman reference number 5B-138.) Snapshot
Colt Model 1911 .45 ACP (WWI)
Colt made this pistol in 1917, during the height of World War I. The frame is stamped UNITED STATES PROPERTY, and the slide is marked "MODEL OF 1911 U.S. ARMY." This gun was reblued at some point. Whoever did it, did an exceptional job. The color is uniform, the lettering on the frame and slide is sharp and clear, and all edges are straight. I have an original WWI leather flap holster and early magazine with integral lanyard ring for this pistol. (Flayderman reference number 5B-245.) Snapshot
British Webley Mark VI Revolver (WWI)
The Webley Mark VI revolver was the pre-eminent British sidearm during WWI. Many firearm experts consider it to be the finest military revolver ever designed. It was chambered for the .455 Webley cartridge, but many were subsequently modified to handle the more powerful American .45 ACP round. My Mark VI was made in 1918. The rear of the frame is stamped "R.E. 42. CO 4." This refers to Company 4, 42 Engineer Regiment, Royal Engineers. This regiment served in the trenches of France during WWI. Although the Mark VI first appeared in 1915, it continued to be carried by British personnel throughout WWII. While 80 years old, my pistol is in excellent condition. Snapshot
German Model C-96 Mauser "Broomhandle" (WWI)
The C-96 was developed in 1896 by the famous German arms designer Paul Mauser. During WWI, many officers (on both sides) were required to purchase their own side arms. Although not officially adopted, many selected the C96 Mauser because of its firepower. The "Broomhandle," as it is called due to its distinctive grip, is not a pistol. Rather, it is a portable carbine that can be broken down and stored inside the hollow stock attachment. The "Broomhandle" is one of the most distinguishable firearms ever made. Although bulky and slow to reload, it offers effective range and firepower, along with good reliability. I have the stock holster rig for this pistol. Snapshot
German Model LP.08 "Lange Pistole" (World War I)
The Lange Pistole (Long Pistol) was adopted by the German Army in 1913. During WWI, it was issued to artillery crews, drivers, and pilots in the new flying corps. These guns use a standard magazine or can accept a 32 round drum magazine. They are well made and show outstanding fit and finish. This particular pistol was made in 1916 by the Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabriken (DWM). It has an adjustable rear sight, 8" barrel, and removable shoulder stock. It is in excellent condition and all serial numbers match. I also have the original flap holster and take-down tool. Snapshot
Remington Rand Model 1911A1 Pistol (WWII, Korea & Vietnam)
Remington Rand made this pistol for the U.S. Government in 1943, a full year before the D-Day invasion. Due to high wartime demand, the government established contracts with Colt, Remington Rand, Ithaca, Union Switch and Signal Company, and Singer (the sewing-machine manufacturer), as well as the Springfield Armory and Rock Island Arsenal. After World War II, the M1911A was used extensively in Korea and Vietnam. This pistol has its original parkerized finish. It is in excellent condition and a fine example of a classic military sidearm. (Flayderman reference number 5B-253.) Snapshot
German Model P.08 Luger (World War II)
The P-08 was admitted into German Army service in 1908 and continued to be the standard German military pistol, even after it was replaced by the Walther P-38 in 1938. The P-08 is very well made and easy to handle and aim. Lugers have been some of the most sought after war trophies in both World Wars. This P-08 was made on 1939 by Mauser. It is in excellent condition and all serial numbers match. I also have the original WWII flap holster for this pistol. Snapshot
German Model P-38 Pistol (World War II)
The P-38 was developed by Carl Walther as the service pistol for the German Army at the beginning of World War II. It was intended to replace the costly Luger P-08. It emerged as the dominant German handgun of World War II. Next to the Luger, the P-38 was the most popular souvenir handgun in the European theater during World War II. This particular P-38 was made in 1943 by the Walther factory. It was one of the German arms captured on the Eastern Front, and kept in a Russian arsenal until 2006. It bears the Walther factory code, Nazi proof marks, and matching serial numbers. Snapshot
Beretta Model 9 Pistol (Desert Storm - Enduring Freedom)
The U.S. replaced the M1911A1 with the Beretta 92F in 1985. The Beretta Model 92 offers several qualities that makes it one of the best combat side arms: single or double action, alloy frame, no glare finish, ambidextrous safety lever, reversible magazine release, open top slide, chamber loaded indicator, and unique triple safety. It offers an excellent combination of firepower, precision, safety and reliability. The U.S. M9 pistol got its initiation under fire during the 1991 Gulf War. Snapshot

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